Marshall Water Supply

Updated – 02/01/2016

Marshall Overall System Review

The Marshall Water system was owned and operated by Marshall Waterworks Inc., a privately held company that provided water service to the residents and businesses of the town. The Marshall Waterworks served 582 residential and commercial customers with public water. The water quality, system pressure and water supply was generally considered inadequate to meet the normal operating requirements as currently expected for a potable water system. Adequate water supply for fire protection was non-existent throughout the distribution system.
Prior to the acquisition of the Marshall System, FCWSA hired an engineering firm to identify the deficiencies within the System and improvements necessary to bring the system into compliance with current standards, the estimated costs of the necessary improvements and the impact of the improvement program on system user rates. The following areas were addressed by the engineering firm:
Water Demand – identify the need for and the volume of water to be supplied to the town of Marshall both now and for the future.

Water Supply – identify potential sources of water and estimate the cost of developing each source into a reliable water supply for the Town of Marshall.

Water Storage – identify the required town storage facilities and estimate the cost for constructing those facilities.

Water Distribution – identify and describe the improvements to the distribution system.
Based on the engineering report recommendations the Authority then developed a phased plan to improve the System over an extended period of five to twenty years based on the growth of its service demands and the availability to fund the requisite infrastructure and facilities needed to meet those demands. The phasing of the proposed system improvements is based on addressing the system’s core requirements before working on improving more outlying infrastructure. A baseline assumption for the Authority’s improvement plan and acquisition negotiations was that the improvements would be funded by the system’s customers via a surcharge on their monthly water bills. This plan was presented to Fauquier County and interested parties in Marshall.
The Authority was requested to assume the ownership of the System in December 2006 from its previous owner, Marshall Waterworks, Inc. The Authority borrowed monies and undertook the design and construction of the Phase 1 improvements to the System consisting of significant improvements to the System’s infrastructure distribution system and the construction of sorely needed storage space. In addition, FCWSA conducted an area wide hydrogeological survey in order to methodically develop additional water sources for the System.
The Plan
The Plan is designed to reflect long-term visions for Marshall based on current and projected residential, municipal, and industrial water needs of the area. As such, the Plan includes a phased approach designed to maximize benefit to customers with known, or suspected, resource limitations.
Below is the current status of the FCWSA Renovation and Upgrade Plan for Phase One of Marshall Water System:
Construction of Storage Facilities

The Canon Ridge Storage Tank, which contains 120,000 gallons of usable storage, is complete and on-line. 300,000 gallon elevated storage on the 17/66 industrial park property is complete and online. The 420,000 gallons of usable storage provided by these two tanks is adequate to serve the domestic and fire flow storage needs of the existing water system.
Water Line Replacement

Phase 1 of the three-phase Water Line Replacement Plan has been completed and is in service. The schedule for final design and construction of Phase 2 and Phase 3 of the Water Line Replacement Plan is dependent on the availability of funding for these projects.
Water Source Development (wells)

The Authority continues to pursue additional water source capacity in the Marshall Service District, following the recommendations in the Hydrogeologic Study for Marshall. Several wells have been drilled but none have yet had sufficient capacity to justify developing them in to water supply wells. Additional drilling is configured upon the availability of funding for the project.
In addition to the planned Phase One improvements already constructed by the Authority, the development community has significantly contributed to the upgraded and expansion of the Marshall Water System via the construction of a 300,000 gallon water tank and the development of two wells, in the 17/66 Industrial Park project off the Whiting Road Extension on the Southwest side of town. The entire water project is completed, connected to Marshall water system and conveyed to the Authority. The addition of these facilities completed the Phase One improvements and substantially improves the systems reliability and capability to meet current customer demands.
Quality of Water
Sediment particles originate in the natural aquifer system and accumulate over time in water systems where pressures are low, flushing is inadequate, and because of other factors related to aging infrastructure (including the pipe connecting your home to the main and your home’s internal plumbing). Fortunately with the completion of Phase One (Water) and with the addition of the storage tank at 17/66 we are able to provide enough pressure to flush all lines.
Iron, manganese, and other naturally occurring minerals are ubiquitous in aquifers underlying the Marshall areas they are throughout the world. All water in the Marshall system is disinfected with chlorine. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency requires all public water systems to issue annual Consumer Confidence Reports on the quality of their drinking water. Drinking water standards are developed by USEPA to protect public health. From that perspective the water in Marshall is excellent because it is tested frequently for compliance with drinking water standards for pathogenic and chemical contaminates and it rarely, if ever, has exceeded a standard.

The new filtration system installed as part of 17/66 Phase One has substantially improved water quality throughout the Marshall system. This filtering (known as “greensand filtration”) is designed to address the most common water-quality problems that have plagued some of our customers such as mineral staining of their laundry and plumbing fixtures and other nuisance and aesthetic issues with their water.